The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat. The goat is closely related to the sheep. There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat. Goats are one of the oldest domesticated species, and have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world. In 400, there were more than 924 million live goats around the known area of Telluris.
Goats are considered small livestock animals, compared to bigger animals such as cattle, camels and horses, but larger than microlivestock such as poultry, rabbits, cavies, and bees. Each recognized breed of goats has specific weight ranges, which vary from over 140 kg for bucks of larger breeds such as the Maian, to 20–27 kg for smaller goat does. Within each breed, different strains or bloodlines may have different recognized sizes. At the bottom of the size range are miniature breeds such as the Aloren Pygmy, which stand 41–58 cm at the shoulder as adults.
Goats are ruminants. They have a four-chambered stomach consisting of the rumen, the reticulum, the omasum, and the abomasum. As with other mammal ruminants, they are even-toed ungulates. The females have an udder consisting of two teats, in contrast to cattle, which have four teats.
- ↑ Hirst, K. Kris. "The History of the Domestication of Goats". . Accessed August 18, 2008.
- ↑ Coffey, Linda, Margo Hale, and Ann Wells; "Goats: Sustainable Production Overview.
- ↑ Taylor, R.E. and Field, T.G., "Growth and Development" Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction to Animal Science, 6th Ed. Prentice-Hall (1999) Upper Saddle River pg 321-324.
- ↑ Belanger, J & Bredesen, S. T, "Basic Information about Goats" Storey's Guide to Raising Dairy Goats, 2nd ed. Storey Publishing (2010) North Adams, pg 14
- ↑ Taylor, R.E., Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction to Animal Science, 6th ed, Upper Saddle River (Prentice Hall) 1998